Interpol

Interpol, acronym for the International Criminal Police Organization, a worldwide clearinghouse for police information. Conceived in 1914, Interpol was formally established in 1923 with headquarters at Vienna. In 1938, it was effectively disbanded by Hitler's Anschluss of Austria. After World War II, the agency was reconstituted (1946) with headquarters in Paris. Its principal services are to provide its 188 member nations with information on the whereabouts of international criminals, to organize seminars on scientific crime detection, and to facilitate the apprehension of criminals. It does not apprehend criminals directly; Interpol has no officials who do policing or criminal investigative work. The organization claims to avoid those crimes that deal with political, military, religious, or racial matters. Interpol has been most successful with regard to counterfeiting, forgery, smuggling, and the narcotics trade.

See studies by M. Anderson (1989) and M. Fooner (1989).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Interpol from Fact Monster:

  • International Criminal Police Organization - International Criminal Police Organization: International Criminal Police Organization: see ...
  • intermezzo - intermezzo intermezzo . 1. Any theatrical entertainment of a light nature performed between the ...
  • Saint-Cloud - Saint-Cloud Saint-Cloud , town (1990 est. pop. 28,673), Hauts-de-Seine dept., N central France, a ...
  • Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs - Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, an early Jewish work, with ...
  • Aristotle: Works - Works Aristotle's extant writings consist largely of his written versions of his lectures; some ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Crime and Law Enforcement