Maryknoll, headquarters of the Catholic Foreign Mission Society of America, near Ossining, N.Y. A Roman Catholic community of priests (the "Maryknoll Fathers") are there especially trained for foreign missionary work. The community was established in 1911 and sent out its first missionaries in 1918. At first the territory assigned was East Asia, especially China and Korea. During World War II, Maryknoll priests began to be sent to Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, and Chile, to supplement the shortage of native clergy. There is an affiliated community of nuns (the "Maryknoll Sisters").
See R. Considine, The Maryknoll Story (1950); G. D. Kittler, The Maryknoll Fathers (1961).