mufti

mufti (mŭfˈtē) [key], in Islamic law, attorney or judicial/religious scholar who writes his opinion (fatwa) on legal subjects for private clients or to assist judges in deciding cases. The recorded opinions of the muftis are a valuable source of information for the actual working of Islamic law as opposed to the abstract formulation. Only in the fields of marriage, divorce, and inheritance are the fatwas binding precedents; on other subjects they might be set aside. In the Ottoman Empire the muftis were state officials, and the mufti of Constantinople was the highest of these. The British, who retained the institution in some Muslim areas under their control, gave to the office of Amin al-Husseini, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, great political importance.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on mufti from Fact Monster:

  • Amin al- Husseini - Husseini, Amin al- Husseini, Amin al- , 1896?–1974, Arab political and religious leader. He ...
  • Islam Glossary - Important figures, branches, and tradition
  • fatwa - fatwa fatwa, in Islamic law, an opinion made by a judicial/religious scholar (a mufti) on a legal, ...
  • Islam: Holidays and Honorifics - Holidays and Honorifics The original feasts of Islam are id al-fitr, corresponding to the breaking ...
  • Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr - Here is information about Ramadan and Eid al-Fitr, including dates, the history of the holiday, the practice of fasting, and more.|The month of fasting

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Islam