separation, in law, either the voluntary agreement of husband and wife to live apart or a partial dissolution of the marriage relation by court order. The marriage bond remains, and remarriage of either party is criminal. The separated parties will ordinarily be bound by the provisions of an agreement respecting the amount to be paid for separate maintenance and the adjustment of their property rights. Separation by court decree is a divorce a mensa et thora [from bed and board]; the parties are forbidden to live together, and the wife may have a right to alimony. The laws of the states of the United States vary greatly as to separation; generally, jurisdictions where divorce is difficult to obtain have a more lenient policy toward legal separation than do jurisdictions with easier divorce laws. The main grounds for legal separation are adultery, cruelty, and desertion.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on separation from Fact Monster:

  • cream separator - separator, cream separator, cream, dairy machine used to separate fresh whole milk into cream and ...
  • Czech Republic - Information on Czech Republic — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.
  • SEPARATING MIXTURES - How do we extract salt from seawater? Methods for separating a mixture depend on differences in the physical properties of its components.
  • SEPARATING MIXTURES - The substances in a mixture are separated by the differences in their physical properties, such as their particle size. The more different the propert
  • apartheid: Separate Development Policy - Separate Development Policy Under the prime ministership of Hendrik Verwoerd apartheid developed ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Legal Terms and Concepts

Play Hangman

Play Poptropica

Play Quizzes

Play Tic Tac Toe