United States Merchant Marine Academy, at Kings Point, N.Y.; for the training of merchant marine officers; established 1936, opened 1943. The academy became coeducational in 1974. Candidates must be between the ages of 17 and 22, be nominated for candidacy by their U.S. Representative or Senator, and pass a competitive examination. The four-year course, emphasizing maritime and naval specialties, includes tours of service aboard a merchant vessel. Midshipmen receive free tuition and room and board, as well as a monthly stipend for books, uniforms, and personal expenses. Upon graduation they receive a commission in the naval reserve as well as a merchant marine license.