Andersonville, village (1990 pop. 277), SW Ga., near Americus; inc. 1881. In Andersonville Prison, officially known as Camp Sumter, tens of thousands of Union soldiers were confined during the Civil War under conditions so bad that nearly 13,000 soldiers died. Its location is part of Andersonville National Historic Site (495 acres/200 hectares), a national memorial for all American prisoners of war, with a museum dedicated to them. The site also includes Andersonville National Cemetery, which contains more than 15,000 soldiers' graves.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.