Artesia (ärtēˈzhə) [key]. 1 City (1990 pop. 15,464), Los Angeles co., S Calif.; founded 1875, inc. 1959. Industries include dairying, printing, and the manufacture of photographic equipment and machinery. It was named for the many artesian wells in the vicinity. 2 City (1990 pop. 10,610), Eddy co., SE N.Mex., just W of the Pecos River, in an oil, gas, farm, and livestock area; laid out 1903, inc. 1939. Artesian wells, under tremendous pressure from the nearby Sacramento Mts., irrigate a large area. The city's industries include printing and publishing and the manufacture of plastic pipes.