Carbondale. 1 City (1990 pop. 27,033), Jackson co., S Ill.; inc. 1869. It is a railroad division point and the retail center of a coal-mining and farming area. Southern Illinois Univ. is a major employer. Memorial Day was inaugurated (1868) in Carbondale by Gen. John Logan. Giant City State Park and a wildlife refuge are nearby. 2 City (1990 pop. 10,664), Lackawanna co., NE Pa., on the Lackawanna River; inc. 1851. A former coal-mining center, it now has diversified manufacturing. Terence Powderly, the labor leader, was born there.