Carmel-by-the-Sea or Carmel (kärmĕlˈ) [key], village (1990 pop. 4,239), Monterey co., S central Calif., on the Monterey peninsula and Carmel Bay, southwest of Monterey; inc. 1916. It is a tourist center and a noted artists' and writers' colony. The bay, named in 1602 by Carmelite friars in Vizcaíno's expedition, is famed for its beauty. Mission San Carlos Borromeo, the burial place of Father Junípero Serra, is nearby, as are vineyards and the Pebble Beach resort.