Chanute (shənōtˈ) [key], city (1990 pop. 9,488), Neosho co., SE Kans., on the Neosho River; inc. 1873 following the consolidation of four contiguous towns. It is a processing and trade center for an agricultural region, with diverse manufactures. A museum there preserves the work of Martin and Osa Johnson. Nearby is the site of the first mission in Kansas.