Crazy Horse Memorial, memorial to the Oglala Souix chief Crazy Horse and Native Americans, under construction at Thunderhead Mt., near Custer, S.Dak., in the Black Hills. When finished it will consist of an equestrian statue of Crazy Horse, 563 ft (172 m) high and 641 ft (196 m) long, carved in the round out of the mountainside; it will be the largest statue in the world. Work on the memorial was begun in 1948 by American sculptor Korczak Ziolkowski (1908–82) at the invitation of Lakota Chief Henry Standing Bear; it is expected to be finished in the mid-21st cent.
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