Fairfield. 1 City (1990 pop. 12,200), Jefferson co., N central Ala., an industrial suburb of Birmingham; inc. 1919. Founded (1910) by the United States Steel Corp., its steel industry has greatly declined, negatively affecting the city's economy.
2 City (1990 pop. 77,211), seat of Solano co., W Calif.; founded 1859, inc. 1903. Irrigated farming, which is extremely productive, and the raising of livestock are chief occupations. Wineries and breweries add to the economy. Nearby is Travis Air Force Base.
3 Town (1990 pop. 53,418), Fairfield co., SW Conn., on Long Island Sound; settled 1639, chartered 1947. It is chiefly residential, but there are diverse light industries. The town was settled on the site of the last battle (1637) in the Pequot War. During the Revolution much of it was burned (1777) by the British. Fairfield has several colonial historical districts as well as resort beaches and a large marina. Sacred Heart Univ. and Fairfield Univ. are there.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.