Gaffney, city (1990 pop. 13,145), seat of Cherokee co., NW S.C., near the N.C. line, in a cotton, grain, and peach region; settled in the early 1800s, inc. 1873. Textiles and clothing are its major products; the city also has a large peach-packing plant and a variety of light manufactures. Gaffney is the seat of Limestone College. Cowpens National Battlefield and Kings Mountain National Military Park are nearby (see National Parks and Monuments, table).