Greenville

Greenville. 1 City (1990 pop. 45,226), seat of Washington co., W Miss., on Lake Ferguson, a deepwater harbor adjoining the Mississippi River; inc. 1886. It is the trade, processing, and shipping center of the Mississippi-Yazoo delta, a fertile region producing soybeans, oats, corn, timber, and especially cotton. Livestock is raised. Greenville is also an industrial city, and its many manufactures include processed foods and wood, metal, rubber, and paper products. A Native American mounds historic site is nearby.

2 City (1990 pop. 44,972), seat of Pitt co., E N.C., on the Tar River; founded 1786. It grew as a tobacco center, and while still an important tobacco-processing and -marketing city, it also manufactures apparel, processed foods, pharmaceuticals, and fishing boats. East Carolina Univ. and Pitt Community College are there.

3 City (1990 pop. 12,863), seat of Darke co., W Ohio, in a farm area; settled 1808, inc. as a city 1900. Gen. Anthony Wayne built (1793) a fort there. In 1795 he negotiated a treaty with Native Americans, who relinquished a large part of their land in the old Northwest Territory. The fort was then abandoned. Settlement began c.1808. A memorial marks the site of the signing of the treaty, and a famous mural depicting the event hangs in the rotunda of the state capitol.

4 City (1990 pop. 58,282), seat of Greenville co., NW S.C., on the Reedy River, in the Piedmont area near the Blue Ridge Mts.; laid out 1797, inc. as a city 1907. It is a trade and processing center for agriculture and livestock products. There are many textile mills, garment factories, and farm-produce-processing and -packing establishments. Plants there manufacture metals, paper, rubber products, motor vehicles, chemicals, and electronic equipment. Textile Hall is the scene of the biennial Southern Textile Exposition. Greenville is the seat of Furman Univ., Bob Jones Univ., Greenville Technical College, and a Shriners' hospital for children. It has an art museum, a symphony orchestra, a zoo, and the popular Little Theater. Tourists are attracted to a historic park in the city, as well as to the two state parks and Blue Ridge Mts. area nearby.

5 City (1990 pop. 23,071), seat of Hunt co., E Tex., in a prosperous blackland cotton region; inc. 1874. Among its manufactures are electronic systems, plastics, and oil-field equipment. A branch of Texas A&M Univ. and Lake Tawakoni State Park are nearby.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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