Henderson. 1 City (1990 pop. 25,945), seat of Henderson co., NW Ky., on the Ohio River, in an oil, coal, tobacco, corn, and livestock area; founded 1797, inc. as a city 1867. Transportation equipment; plastic, metal, and paper products; furniture; chemicals; machinery; and denim fabric are manufactured. There are flour mills and lumbering, aluminum smelting, and poultry processing industries. John J. Audubon lived in Henderson from 1810 to 1819. Nearby is Audubon Memorial State Park, with a museum and a bird sanctuary. Another attraction is the Ellis Park Racecourse, with annual thoroughbred racing. A branch of the Univ. of Kentucky is in the city.
2 City (1990 pop. 64,942), Clark co., SE Nev., in a desert area overlooking Las Vegas and surrounded by mountains; inc. 1953. Limestone is produced and plastic and metal products, foods, transportation equipment, and chemicals are manufactured. Henderson is a center for defense-related industries, specializing in large-volume chemical manufacturing. Hydroelectric power is supplied by Hoover Dam. The city was founded (1942) to provide houses for employees of a magnesium plant. The Southern Nevada Museum is there. Nearby Mt. Charleston and Lake Mead offer recreational activities.
3 City (1990 pop. 15,655), seat of Vance co., N N.C.; settled c.1811, inc. 1841. It is in an agricultural area that produces grain, soybeans, tobacco, poultry, and livestock. Manufactures include apparel, textiles, furniture, metal products, industrial minerals, mobile homes, and foods. Nearby Kerr Reservoir on the Roanoke River offers water sports.
4 City (1990 pop. 11,139), seat of Rusk co., NE Tex.; inc. 1877. It is a prosperous oil and natural-gas city. There is also agriculture (cattle and horses, vegetables, watermelons, nursery crops, timber), manufacturing (furniture, machinery, building materials, wood products), and meat processing. Originally a pinewoods lumbering town, then a cotton center, the city was transformed in 1830 when C. M. Joiner struck the first gusher of the fabulously rich East Texas Oil Field nearby. The site of an Old Shawnee village is in the area.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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