Hollywood. 1 Community within the city of Los Angeles, S Calif., on the slopes of the Santa Monica Mts.; inc. 1903, consolidated with Los Angeles 1910. Most major film and television studios and their executive offices, once located in Hollywood, have moved to nearby areas and suburbs. Although many films are shot on location in cities and countries throughout the world, Hollywood remains the symbolic center of the U.S. motion-picture industry. Since the first film was made there c.1911, the community has come to signify the film industry in general—its morals, manners, and characteristics. Hollywood attracts large numbers of tourists. Points of interest include Hollywood Blvd., Sunset Strip, Mann's (formerly Grauman's) Chinese Theatre, and the Dolby (formerly Kodak) Theatre (site of the Academy Awards). In surrounding hills are the Hollywood Bowl, Griffith Park (with an observatory and planetarium), and the homes of film celebrities. The iconic Hollywood sign overlooking the community was originally (1923) an advertisement for the Hollywoodland real estate firm. It had it last four letters removed in 1949, and was redone in 1978. The Univ. of Judaism is in Hollywood.
2 City (1990 pop. 121,697), Broward co., SE Fla., on the Atlantic Ocean; inc. 1925. A popular retirement center and part of the Miami–Ft. Lauderdale metropolitan and resort area, Hollywood produces electronic equipment and building materials. Most of Port Everglades, the county's largest port with an extensive warehouse complex, is within the city limits. Gulf Stream Park racetrack and a U.S. navy ordnance laboratory are nearby.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.