Lubbock, city (1990 pop. 186,206), seat of Lubbock co., NW Tex.; inc. 1909. In the Llano Estacado region on a branch of the Brazos River, it was settled in 1879 by Quakers. It is the trade center for the cotton- and grain-growing Great Plains region of Texas and E New Mexico. Its manufactures include cottonseed oil, earth-moving and irrigation equipment, and pumps. Food and dairy products are produced, and there are wineries. A prairie-dog town is preserved in Mackenzie State Park. Lubbock Lake Landmark State Historical Park is an archaeological and natural history preserve. Texas Tech Univ., Lubbock Christian College, and the Texas Air Museum are in the city.