Meridian (mərĭdˈēən) [key], city (1990 pop. 41,036), seat of Lauderdale co., E Miss., near the Ala. line; settled 1831, inc. 1860. It is an important rail and highway point and the trade and shipping center for a farm, livestock, and timber area. There is also diverse manufacturing. In the Civil War, Meridian was the temporary capital of Mississippi (1863); it was destroyed by General Sherman in Feb., 1864. Meridian Naval Air Station is to the north. Nearby Okatibbee Reservoir offers recreational activities.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Meridian from Fact Monster:

  • celestial meridian - celestial meridian celestial meridian, vertical circlepassing through the north celestial pole and ...
  • prime meridian - prime meridian prime meridian, meridian that is designated zero degree (0°) longitude, from ...
  • Greenwich meridian - Greenwich meridian: Greenwich meridian: see prime meridian.
  • meridian circle - meridian circle: meridian circle: see transit instrument.
  • meridian of longitude - meridian of longitude: meridian of longitude: see longitude.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. Political Geography

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