New Sweden

New Sweden, Swedish colony (1638–55), on the Delaware River; included parts of what are now Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware. With the support of Swedish statesman Axel Oxenstierna, Admiral Klas Fleming (a Finn), and Peter Minuit (a Dutchman), the New Sweden Company was organized in Sweden in 1633. Two ships (the Kalmar Nyckel and the Fogel Grip ), commanded by Minuit, reached the Delaware River in Mar., 1638. Minuit immediately bought land from the Native Americans and founded Fort Christina, where Wilmington, Del., stands. In 1643, Tinicum Island (at Philadelphia) became the colony's capital. About half of the colonists were Finns. Peter Stuyvesant, with a Dutch force larger than the population of New Sweden, took the little colony in 1655.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on New Sweden from Fact Monster:

  • Tinicum Island - Tinicum Island Tinicum Island , area in the Delaware River, SW of Philadelphia, separated from the ...
  • Johan Björnsson Printz - Printz, Johan Björnsson Printz, Johan Björnsson , 1592–1663, colonial governor of ...
  • Peter Minuit - Minuit, Peter Minuit, Peter , c.1580–1638, first director-general of New Netherland, b. Wesel ...
  • New Netherland - New Netherland New Netherland, territory included in a commercial grant by the government of ...
  • Peter Stuyvesant - Stuyvesant, Peter Stuyvesant, Peter , c.1610–1672, Dutch director-general of New Netherland. ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Miscellaneous U.S. Geography