Newton. 1 City (1990 pop. 16,700), seat of Harvey co., S central Kans., in an agricultural area; inc. 1872. It is a railroad division point with railroad shops and has a large mobile home industry in addition to oil wells. Machinery, motor vehicle parts, plastic products, glass, and furniture are also produced, and there is flour milling. The Chisholm Trail passed through the site. In the early 1870s, German Mennonites from Russia brought seed for what became the first hard winter wheat grown in Kansas. The city still has a large Mennonite population, and a monument to their ancestors is there. Bethel College is in North Newton.
2 City (1990 pop. 82,585), Middlesex co., E Mass., a suburb of Boston on the Charles River; settled before 1640, inc. as a city 1873. It comprises 14 residential villages. Industries include publishing and the manufacture of chemicals, precision instruments, and computers. Newton is known as a regional education center. The city is the seat of Andover Newton Theological School, Mount Ida College, Pine Manor College, and a campus of Boston College. Horace Mann, Nathaniel Hawthorne, Mary Baker Eddy, and Samuel Francis Smith lived in Newton.