Pine Barrens

Pine Barrens, coastal plain region, c.3,000 sq mi (7,770 sq km), S and SE N.J.; composed chiefly of sandy soils, swamp-edged streams, pine stands, and tracts of cranberries and blueberries. Originally a well-forested area of pine, cedar, and oak, its trees were indiscriminately cut for shipbuilding and charcoal-making until the 1860s, when they were nearly exhausted. A second growth of pine was of poor quality, and most of the region, except for scattered stands, remained bare. Several state forests and Fort Dix, a U.S. army base, are there. On the periphery of the Pine Barrens, suburban development has grown since the 1970s. Efforts to maintain the wilderness have increased as a result of environmentalist action, but such projects remain difficult. There is also a Pine Barrens on Long Island in New York.

See J. McPhee, The Pine Barrens (1968); R. R. Forman, Pine Barrens: Ecosystem & Landscape (1979).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Pine Barrens from Fact Monster:

  • meadow beauty - meadow beauty meadow beauty, any plant of the genus Rhexia, herbaceous perennials of wet places E ...
  • diapensia - diapensia diapensia , common name for the Diapensiaceae, a family of low evergreen shrubs native to ...
  • New Jersey: Geography - Geography New Jersey is surrounded by water except along the 50 mi (80 km) of northern border with ...
  • Long Island, island, United States - Long Island Long Island (1990 pop. 6,861,454), 1,723 sq mi (4,463 sq km), 118 mi (190 km) long, and ...
  • Encyclopedia: U.S. Physical Geography - Encyclopeadia articles concerning U.S. Physical Geography.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: U.S. Physical Geography