Staunton (stănˈtən) [key], city (1990 pop. 24,461), seat of Augusta co., W central Va., in the Shenandoah Valley; settled 1732, inc. as a city 1871. It is a trade and industrial center in a fertile farm area known for its poultry, livestock, and apples. Other products include feeds and fertilizer, crushed limestone, beverages, furniture, fabricated-metal and textile products, and building materials.
Staunton served as a Confederate supply base in the Civil War; twice it was occupied by Union forces. The city manager form of government originated in Staunton in 1908. The city is the seat of Mary Baldwin College and the Virginia School for the Deaf and the Blind (est. 1838). Many colonial houses remain, and President Woodrow Wilson's birthplace is a national shrine. Blackfriars Playhouse, a recreation of a London theater in which Shakespeare's plays were performed, and the Frontier Culture Museum are also there.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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