Sugar Land, city (2000 pop. 63,328), Fort Bend co., SE Texas, on the Brazos River and Oyster Creek, a W suburb of Houston; inc. 1959. The city, which now has a diversified economy, began as a pre–Civil War sugar plantation and was a sugar refining center until 2003; Imperial Sugar's headquarters are still there. A satellite campus of the Univ. of Houston and a Southern history museum are in Sugar Land.