Texas City, city (1990 pop. 40,822), Galveston co., S Tex., on Galveston Bay, opposite the city of Galveston; inc. 1911. It is a railroad terminus and an industrial city and port with huge oil refineries, chemical plants, a large copper smelter, and factories making plastics and pipes. In Apr., 1947, a nitrate-laden ship exploded, causing a series of blasts and fires in the city; over 500 people were killed. Hurricanes in 1900, 1915, 1943, and 1961 also caused severe damage. College of the Mainland is in Texas City.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.