Vineland, city (1990 pop. 54,780), Cumberland co., S N.J., in a poultry and fruit area; settled 1861, inc. 1952 when combined with Landis township. The growing city has cooperative markets, large glassworks (with offices designed by William Lescaze), and food-processing and clothing industries. Vineland was originally a planned agricultural community concentrating on viticulture; however, most of the vineyards were destroyed by disease in the late 19th century. In 1882, the first of New Jersey's immigrant Jewish farm colonies was established nearby. The city has a highly respected state school for retarded children.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
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