Waukesha (wôˈkĭshô) [key], city (1990 pop. 56,958), seat of Waukesha co., SE Wis., on the Fox River; inc. 1896. It is an industrial center in a dairy area. Waukesha was a stop on the Underground Railroad; after the Civil War it became a health resort. Its bottled waters are shipped widely. Manufactures include dairy and food-processing equipment, marine hardware, engines, bearings, castings, rubber products, and electronic equipment. Carroll College is there. Native American mounds are preserved in the city's Cutler Park.