Al Ubayyid (äl ōbäyĭdˈ) [key] or El Obeid ĕl ōbādˈ, city (1993 pop. 229,425), S central Sudan. It is a rail terminus, a road and camel caravan junction, and the end of a pilgrim road from Nigeria. Al Ubayyid is also a trade and transshipment point. Founded by the Turko-Egyptian pashas in 1821, it fell to the Mahdists (see Mahdi) in 1883 and was destroyed. Its reconstruction followed the fall of the Mahdist empire in 1898.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.