Aranjuez (äränghwāthˈ) [key], town (1990 pop. 38,239), Madrid prov., central Spain, on the Tagus River. As a market for the irrigated horticulture nearby, it is known for its asparagus and strawberries. It was once a royal summer residence with elaborate gardens. The palace burned several times in the 17th cent. but was rebuilt (1727) by Philip V. Now within commuting range of Madrid, the city manufactures chemicals, metal products, and textiles.