Australian Capital Territory

Australian Capital Territory (1991 pop. 276,468), 939 sq mi (2,432 sq km), SE Australia, an enclave within New South Wales, containing Canberra, capital of Australia. It was called the Federal Capital Territory until 1938. Most of the territory consists of an area formerly known as Yass-Canberra, which was ceded to the commonwealth by New South Wales in 1911. In 1915, New South Wales additionally ceded Jervis Bay, providing a potential port for Canberra. In 1988 the territory gained self-government with its own unicameral parliament, and Jervis Bay was separated from the territory. The federal government is the largest employer in the territory. Nearly all of the population lives in Canberra.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Australian Capital Territory from Fact Monster:

  • Yass-Canberra - Yass-Canberra: Yass-Canberra: see Australian Capital Territory.
  • Federal Capital Territory - Federal Capital Territory: Federal Capital Territory: see Australian Capital Territory.
  • Australia - Australia Australia , smallest continent, between the Indian and Pacific oceans. With the island ...
  • Jervis Bay - Jervis Bay Jervis Bay , territory (2001 pop. 611), 29 sq mi (75.5 sq km), SE Australia, bordering ...
  • Canberra - Canberra Canberra , city (1991 pop. 276,162), capital of Australia, in the Australian Capital ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Australian and New Zealand Political Geography

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