Baia Mare (bĪˈä mäˈrĕ) [key], Hung. Nagybánya, city (1990 pop. 152,403), NW Romania, in Crişana-Maramureş. It is a mountain resort and the industrial center of a mining region. The city has chemical and metallurgical works. Baia Mare, founded by Saxons in the 12th cent., was long held by Hungary. In the city are a college of mines, remains of 16th-century fortifications, and an old wooden church. There is a large Hungarian minority in Baia Mare.