Ballarat (bălˈərătˈ) [key], city (1991 pop. 64,980), Victoria, SE Australia. It is an industrial center; clothing, food products, paper, brick and tile, and other goods are made. The city flourished during the gold rush (1860s), then declined. It was the site of the Eureka Stockade uprising (1854), an armed insurrection by gold miners who resented licence fees. The site now contains a historical park and a memorial to commemorate the event.