Barentsburg (bäˈrəntsbŏrg) [key], town, Spitsbergen island, Svalbard, Norway. A coal-mining settlement, it was established (1912) by a Norwegian company. Its mines have been worked by the Dutch (1921–26) and since 1932 by the Russians. It was totally destroyed (Sept., 1943) by German battleships but quickly rebuilt.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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