Baroda (bərōˈdə) [key], former native state, now incorporated in Gujarat state, W central India. It is a prosperous area on a fertile alluvial plain. Its chief city, Vadodara (1991 pop. 1,126,824), formerly Baroda, a district administrative center on the Vishvamitri River, has cotton-textile, chemical, machinery, furniture, and consumer-goods industries. The city is a rail and road hub, and has an airfield. There are several institutions of higher learning and museums. The Markapura Palace has deep and ornately carved wells.