Baroda (bərōˈdə) [key], former native state, now incorporated in Gujarat state, W central India. It is a prosperous area on a fertile alluvial plain. Its chief city, Vadodara (1991 pop. 1,126,824), formerly Baroda, a district administrative center on the Vishvamitri River, has cotton-textile, chemical, machinery, furniture, and consumer-goods industries. The city is a rail and road hub, and has an airfield. There are several institutions of higher learning and museums. The Markapura Palace has deep and ornately carved wells.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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