Bayamo (bäyäˈmō) [key], city (1995 est. pop. 132,000), Granma prov., SE Cuba. It is a manufacturing and transportation center. Cattle raising and sugar refining are the main industries. Founded in 1513, Bayamo was an inland port until the 19th cent. A former center of revolutionary movements, it gave its name to the Cuban national anthem, el Himno Bayamés. Both the Ten Years War (1868–78) and the successful revolt of 1895 began in Bayamo. Carlos Manual de Céspedes and Tomás Estrada Palma were born in the city.