Bayeux

Bayeux (bäyōˈ, Fr. bäyöˈ) [key], town (1990 pop. 15,106), Calvados dept., N France, in Normandy, near the English Channel. It is a farm and communications center, noted for its lace industry. A Roman town and episcopal see from the 4th cent., it was burned (1105) by Henry I of England. Sections of its Romanesque church withstood the fire and form a part of the remarkable Gothic cathedral built for the most part in the 13th cent. The town is particularly famous for its museum containing the Bayeux tapestry. In World War II, Bayeux was the first French city liberated by the Allies (June 8, 1944).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Bayeux from Fact Monster:

  • Taillefer - Taillefer Taillefer , fl. 1066, Norman warrior and trouvère. According to medieval ...
  • Wace - Wace Wace , c.1100–1174, Norman-French poet of Jersey. King Henry II made him canon of ...
  • comic strip: History - History Elements of the form can be found in antiquity, where Vergil in the Aeneid describes a ...
  • English art and architecture: Norman and Gothic Styles - Norman and Gothic Styles The great impact of the Norman Conquest was manifested in the 12th-century ...
  • embroidery - embroidery embroidery, ornamental needlework applied to all varieties of fabrics and worked with ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: French Political Geography