Beaune (bōn) [key], town (1990 pop. 22,171), Côte-d'Or dept., E France, in Burgundy. It is a noted center for Burgundy wines, with a wine school and wine research facilities. Its manufactures include winemaking equipment. Beaune flourished as a residence of the dukes of Burgundy. Its textile industry was ruined when the revocation of the Edict of Nantes expelled (1685) the Protestant artisans. Beaune, a circular city with 15th-century ramparts, has a Romanesque church (12th cent.) with 15th-century Flemish tapestries. Its famous hôtel Dieu was founded (1443) by Chancellor Nicolas Rolin, a patron of Roger van der Weyden, whose Last Judgment it contains.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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