Blenheim (blĕnˈəm) [key], Ger. Blindheim, village, Bavaria, S Germany, on the Danube River. Between Blenheim and nearby Höchstädt, John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, and Prince Eugene of Savoy defeated (Aug. 13, 1704) the French and Bavarians under marshals C. Tallard and F. Marsin in one of the most important battles of the War of the Spanish Succession (see Blenheim, battle of). In gratitude for this and other military successes by the duke of Marlborough, the English Parliament had an immense mansion, Blenheim palace, constructed near Woodstock, Oxfordshire, central England.
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