Bogor (bōˈgôr) [key], formerly Buitenzorg boiˈtənzôrkh [Du., = free from care], city (1990 pop. 271,341), W Java, Indonesia. At the foot of two volcanoes, it is a highland resort and an agricultural research center, known chiefly for its magnificent botanical gardens (laid out 1817). Adjacent to the gardens is the presidential country palace, formerly used by the Dutch governors. Rainfall is heavy in the area; tea is grown on the surrounding highlands, and coffee, rice, and rubber are also important crops. Automobile tires are among the manufactures. The site was selected as the resort residence of the Dutch governor-general in 1745, and the town grew around the palace. Bogor is the seat of the Indonesian general agricultural research station, a state agricultural university, two private universities, an army intelligence school, and forestry and rubber research institutes.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

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