Bulawayo (bōləwäˈyō) [key], city (1992 est. pop. 621,742), SW Zimbabwe. It is the second largest city of Zimbabwe and an important industrial, commercial, and railroad center. Among its manufactures are textiles, motor vehicles, tires, metal products, and cement. Founded by the British in 1893, it was the scene (1896) of a Ndebele (Matabele) revolt. Nearby are the 18th-century precolonial ruins of Khami. After Zimbabwe gained its independence in 1980, Bulawayo was beset with violence between the Shona and Ndebele peoples until 1988 when an accord was reached.