Cagliari

Cagliari (käˈlyärē) [key], city (1991 pop. 204,237), capital of Sardinia and of Cagliari prov., S Sardinia, Italy, on the Gulf of Cagliari (an arm of the Mediterranean Sea) and at the mouth of the Mannu River. It is the largest city in Sardinia and is a modern port and an industrial center. A flourishing Carthaginian city, it was taken by Rome in 238 B.C. Cagliari endured Arab invasions in the 8th and 9th cent. A.D. The city was a Pisan stronghold during the wars with Genoa (11th–14th cent.); its subsequent history is largely that of Sardinia. Cagliari was the site of a submarine base in World War II and was heavily bombed by the Allies. Noteworthy structures include the Romanesque-Gothic cathedral (13th cent.), the Basilica of San Saturnino (5th cent.), a large Roman amphitheater, and the massive tower of St. Pancras (built by Pisans in 1304).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Cagliari from Fact Monster:

  • Lucifer of Cagliari - Lucifer of Cagliari Lucifer of Cagliari , d. 370, bishop of Cagliari, Sardinia (353–70), ...
  • Sardinia - Sardinia Sardinia , Ital. Sardegna, region (1991 pop. 1,648,248), 9,302 sq mi (24,092 sq km), W ...
  • Saint Meletius - Meletius, Saint Meletius, Saint , d. 381, Catholic bishop, leader of the Meletian faction in the ...
  • kingdom of Sardinia - Sardinia, kingdom of Sardinia, kingdom of, name given to the possessions of the house of Savoy (see ...
  • Italy: Land and People - Land and People About 75% of Italy is mountainous or hilly, and roughly 20% of the country is ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: Italian Political Geography