Casamance

Casamance (kăzˈəmäns) [key], river, c.200 mi (320 km) long, W Africa. It rises in S Senegal and flows westward, emptying in the Atlantic Ocean. The virtually unnavigable river lies in a region of lush floodplains between the enclave of The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau. Also called Casamance, the Senegalese region is geographically isolated from the rest of the country by The Gambia, and the Diola (or Jola), not the Wolof, are the primary ethnic group. Ziguinchor is the largest city in the region. Casamance was the scene of ethnic tensions and demonstrations for independence in the early 1980s, and guerrilla warfare beginning in the late 1980s. A cease-fire was signed with some of the rebels in 2004, but others have continued to fight. The Gambia and Guinea-Bissau have at times aided the rebels. In 2006 fighting erupted in neighboring Guinea-Bissau between Casamance rebels that had established bases there and Bissau troops. The name also appears as Kasamansa.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Casamance from Fact Monster:

  • Ziguinchor - Ziguinchor Ziguinchor , city (1988 pop. 124,283), SW Senegal, a port on the Casamance River. ...
  • Senegal, country, Africa: Land - Land Most of the country is low-lying, with a maximum altitude of c.200 ft (60 m). However, the ...
  • Senegal, country, Africa: History - History Early History The Tukolor settled in the Senegal River valley in the 9th cent., and during ...
  • Senegal - Information on Senegal — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.
  • Gambia - Information on Gambia — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities, as well as a map and the national flag.

See more Encyclopedia articles on: African Physical Geography