Catamarca (kätämärˈkä) [key], city (1991 pop. 110,489), capital of Catamarca prov., NW Argentina. It is an agricultural and mining center located in a valley that produces wine, cotton, alfalfa, cereal, and livestock. Woolen panchos are manufactured there. Founded in 1683, Catamarca has a 17th-century Franciscan monastery and a church that is a pilgrimage site and a national monument. Tourists are attracted by the area's mineral springs.