Châteauroux (shätōrōˈ) [key], city (1990 pop. 52,949), capital of Indre dept., central France, on the Indre River. It has textile, metal, pharmaceutical, and food-processing industries. Châteauroux grew around a 10th-century castle built by the lords of Déols. Historic buildings in the city include the Église des Cordeliers (a former church that is now a jewelry museum) and the church of St. Martial (12th–16th cent.).