Chelyabinsk

Chelyabinsk (chĭlyäˈbĭnsk) [key], city (1989 pop. 1,142,000), capital of Chelyabinsk region, W Siberian Russia, in the southern foothills of the Urals and on the Mias River. It also lies on the Trans-Siberian RR. One of the major metallurgical and industrial centers of Russia, Chelyabinsk produces steel, zinc, metal alloys, heavy chemicals, and agricultural machinery. The city has many industrial and scientific institutes, but severe pollution makes it one of the least attractive Russian cities. Founded in 1736 as a Russian frontier outpost, it was chartered in the 1740s and grew into an agricultural and coal-trading town. Its industrial growth began with the building of its first steel plant in 1930.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Chelyabinsk from Fact Monster:

  • Miass - Miass Miass , river (c.390 mi/630 km long), W Siberian Russia. It rises in the eastern slopes of ...
  • Urals: Resources and Industry - Resources and Industry Except in the polar and northern sections, the mountains are forested, and ...
  • Trans-Siberian Railroad - Trans-Siberian Railroad Trans-Siberian Railroad, rail line, linking European Russia with the ...
  • Russia: Land and People - Land and People Major Geographic Features The world's largest country by land area, Russia ...
  • Russia: Economy - Economy General The Russian Federation inherited a Marxist-Leninist command economy from the Union ...

See more Encyclopedia articles on: CIS and Baltic Political Geography