Corrientes (kôryĕnˈtās) [key], city (1991 pop. 257,766), capital of Corrientes prov., NE Argentina, a port on the Paraná River. It is the commercial center of a rich pastoral and agricultural region. The city exports the timber and agricultural products of the province. An important cultural center, it has several institutions of higher education, museums, and historical monuments. Corrientes was founded in 1588 and survived fierce attacks by the indigenous people during the late 16th and early 17th cent. In 1762 an uprising of the comuneros [townspeople] against the colonial governor foreshadowed the wars of independence from Spain. The city and province were among the first to rebel (1844) against Juan Manuel de Rosas.