Diego Garcia, coral island, 11 sq mi (28 sq km). Indian Ocean, largest island of the Chagos Archipelago, SW of Sri Lanka. Part of the British Indian Ocean Territory, the island was leased (1970) to the United States and later developed as a joint U.S.-British naval base to guard the Persian Gulf oil routes and to counter increased Soviet military activities in S Asia and Africa. Some 3,000 islanders were removed to Mauritius and the Seychelles in the late 1960s prior to the construction of the naval base. The military base has had significant strategic value as a staging area in the conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan.
See study by D. Vine (2009).
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
More on Diego Garcia from Fact Monster:
- Where in the World Is Diego Garcia? - A strategic U.K. and U.S. airbase with a dark history
- British Indian Ocean Territory - Information on British Indian Ocean Territory — geography, history, politics, government, economy, population statistics, culture, religion, languages, largest cities.
- British Indian Ocean Territory - Map of British Indian Ocean Territory & articles on flags, geography, history, statistics, disasters current events, and international relations.
- British Indian Ocean Territory - British Indian Ocean Territory British Indian Ocean Territory, archipelago, c.1,180 mi (1,900 km), ...
- Bombers: Northrop B-2 - The stealth bomber's features cost twice their weight in gold