Dover, Strait of

Dover, Strait of, separating Great Britain from France and connecting the English Channel with the North Sea. It is 21 mi (34 km) wide between Dover and Cape Gris-Nez, near Calais, and is called Pas-de-Calais by the French. It is traversed regularly by ferry, hovercraft, and, with the completion of the Channel Tunnel, by rail. The Romans called it Fretum Gallicum. The Strait of Dover has been the scene of naval battles: in the 13th cent. Hubert de Burgh defeated the invading French, and in 1588 the Spanish Armada was checked there by the English.

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia, 6th ed. Copyright © 2012, Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

More on Strait of Dover from Fact Monster:

  • Pas-de-Calais, French name for the Strait of Dover - Pas-de-Calais: Pas-de-Calais: see Dover, Strait of.
  • Pas-de-Calais, department, France - Pas-de-Calais Pas-de-Calais , department (1990 pop. 1,435,000), N France, on the Strait of Dover. ...
  • Calais - Calais Calais , city (1990 pop. 78,836), Pas-de-Calais dept., N France, in Picardy, on the Straits ...
  • North Sea - North Sea North Sea, arm of the Atlantic Ocean, c.222,000 sq mi (574,980 sq km), c.600 mi (1,000 ...
  • English Channel - English Channel English Channel, Fr. La Manche [the sleeve], arm of the Atlantic Ocean, c.350 (560 ...

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