Dundee, city (1991 pop. 172,294) and council area, E central Scotland, on the Firth of Tay. It is a port and manufacturing city. Dundee is historically known for its manufacture and processing of jute. Its marmalade is also famous. Textiles, including canvas, linen, rope, and carpet, remain economically important. Some light engineering has additionally developed. Called the "Scottish Geneva," Dundee was a center of the Reformation and a stronghold of the Covenanters in the religious wars. The Tower of St. Mary's Church, a 15th-century steeple, is a notable landmark. The Univ. of Dundee and the Univ. of Abertay Dundee are there.