Faisalabad (fĪsälˈəbädˌ) [key], formerly Lyallpur lĪˈəlpŏr, city (1998 pop. 1,977,246), NE Pakistan, in a cotton- and wheat-growing area. It is an important transportation and commercial center, especially for grains, cloth, and ghee (clarified butter). Manufactures include textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemical fertilizer, bicycles, textile machinery, hosiery, flour, sugar, vegetable oil, and soap. The city was founded by Sir James Lyall c.1895 and named in his honor. Punjab Agricultural Univ., several colleges affiliated with the Univ. of Punjab, and numerous experimental farms and cattle-breeding stations are in Faisalabad.