Faizabad or Fyzabad (both: fĪˈzəbăd) [key], town (1991 pop. 176,922), Uttar Pradesh state, N central India, on the Ghaghara River. It is a joint municipality with Ayodhya. A district administrative center and market town, Faizabad trades in local produce and has sugar refineries. A government college is in the city and a military cantonment on the outskirts. Faizabad was the capital (1724–75) of the kingdom of Oudh (1724–1856). The mausoleum (c.1816) of a royal consort is in the city.